By Y. Becker (auth.), Yechiel Becker, Julia Hadar (eds.)
Research on antiviral medicinal drugs and their mode of motion in contaminated cells. in animals and in guy. has ended in a greater knowing of the molecular professional cesses thinking about virus replication. Screeninq of enormous numbers of average and semisynthetic compounds ended in the characterization of sure sub stances that had a restricted potency as antiviral druqs. a couple of chemically synthesized compounds have been additionally came upon to be potent as antiviral brokers within the chemotherapy of human virus ailments. an immense trouble within the boost ment of powerful antiviral brokers has been the shortcoming of selectivity. and toxicity for uninfected cells. of gear that successfully inhibited virus replication in vitro. extra realizing of the molecular tactics of virus replication in contaminated cells has led to the advance of latest antivirals directed at virus-coded enzymes or proteins. contemporary stories on antivirals which are activated by way of the herpes simplex virus sort l-coded thy midine kinase from a prod rug to an antiviral drug have opened new instructions within the improvement of powerful antiviral medications. the current publication bargains with a couple of antiviral medicines powerful opposed to herpes simplex viruses and offers a few perception into the molecular features of virus replication. It additionally throws mild at the new methods to the improvement of antiviral medications. The molecular foundation of the antiviral job of recent and recognized medicinal drugs and their attainable use in chemotherapy of viral sickness are offered during this book.
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Additional resources for Antiviral Drugs and Interferon: The Molecular Basis of Their Activity
Treatment of human herpetic infections. (araC), AraA is now in widespread use for AraC has proven too toxic for use in viral chemotherapy but has proven effective in the treatment of certain leukemias. Both of these aranucleosides have also been useful as biochemical tools to study DNA synthesis. The antiviral properties of these and other aranucleo- sides have been recently reviewed (1,2). Structures of the aranucleosides are shown in Figure 1. Following the discovery of 1- S-D-arabinofuranosylthymine (araT) and 1- S-Darabinofuranosyluracil (araU) in the sponge Cryptotethya crypt a (3), chemical syntheses of araC (4) and of araA (5) were reported.
327-328, 1961. M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2Q:37883792, 1973. W. S. Biochem. Pharmacol. li:1405-1416, 1965. , Z i mmer man, T. and Kaufman, H. Ann. Y. Acad. Sci. :359-365, 1975. H. C. J. Med. Chern. :495-498, 1976. S. H. J. Med. Chern. 21:109112, 1978. A. and Chua, J. J. Org. Chern. 22:3045, 1962. C. H. J. Virol. ~:1284-1285, 1975. H. and Rapp, F. Antimicrob. Agents Chemotherapy ~:92-97, 1979. K. and Ribecky, R. Antimicrob. Agents Chemotherapy ~:101-110, 1979. 37 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26.
Lapi and Cohen (32) reported that the ability of EHNA to inhibit ADA in cultured cells is readily reversible while DCF is not. This is a particularly important concern since long-term inhibition of ADA may impair the immune response. Deficiency of ADA is associated with severe-combined immunodeficiency disease in humans (33). nhibi tion of ADA is achieved, whereas EHNA produces immediate inhibition of ADA (34). Moreover, as discussed else- where, DCF seems to be much more toxic than EHNA to animals (1,2).