Epistemology

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By Tom Rockmore, Beth J Singer

The talk over foundationalism, the perspective that there exists a few safe origin upon which to construct a method of wisdom, seems to were resolved and the antifoundationalists have at the very least briefly prevailed. From a firmly ancient process, the booklet lines the foundationalism/antifoundationalism controversy within the paintings of many vital figures—Animaxander, Aristotle and Plato, Augustine, Descartes, Hegel and Nietzsche, Habermas and Chisholm, and others—throughout the heritage of philosophy. The individuals, Joseph Margolis, Ronald Polansky, Gary Calore, Fred and Emily Michael, William Wurzer, Charlene Haddock Siegfried, Sandra B. Rosenthal, Kathleen Wallace, and the editors current good the variety, curiosity, and roots of antifoundationalism.

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That self-sufficiency is the basic human end requires different arguments from the premise about inequality, but arguments that perhaps work in rather similar ways. Socrates' first important move is to construct the so-called city of pigs. He appears to recognize that much of the plausibility of the Thrasymachean view that human desire is insatiable stems from confusion of the desires. When the love of honor becomes jumbled with the love of money, then it is especially likely that desire seems infinite.

13. , also, Metaphysics, bk. XI, chap. 10. 14. See Kitaro Nishida, Intelligibilityand the Philosophyof Nothingness, trans. Robert Schinzinger (Honolulu:. East-West Centre Press, 1958). 15. Heidegger, "The Anaximander Fragment," p. 18. 16. See, for instance, Martin Heidegger, "The End of Philosophy and the Task of Thinking," On Time and Being, trans. Joan Stambaugh (New York: Harper and Row, 1972). 17. Jacques Derrida, "Differance,' Margins of Philosophy, trans. Alan Bass (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982).

53· 30. I have benefited here from Lilli Alanen, Studies in Cartesian Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind, Acta Philosophica Fennica 33 (Helsinki: Societas Philosophic a Fennica, 1982), particularly pp. 139-44. Cf. also [aakko Hintikka, "Cogito ergo sum: Inference or Performance," Philosophical Review 71 (1962). 31. See Saint Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, trans. Thomas Gilbey (London: Blackfriars, 1964), vol. 1, question 1. 32. Roderick M. Chisholm, Theory of Knowledge, znd ed. (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1977), p.

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