Algebraic Geometry

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By Shafarevich I.R.

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Correspondingly, the syntactic realization of a verb is often less complex thematically than its lexical representation would allow it to be. , Kratzer (1996), Pesetsky (1995), who assume argument-roles can be introduced in syntax, by means of adding an appropriate head. In Reinhart (2000), complex thematic configurations can be created in syntax, but they require the merger of distinct lexical items. A single lexical item cannot be causativized in syntax. Therefore, if one diathesis of a verb indicates the presence of a given thematic feature-cluster, then it is assumed that this cluster is part of the verb's lexical entry.

This perception is encoded in the lexicon by the presence of two [/+c] clusters. The set of agent-instrument verbs can be divided into sub-classes depending on the further arguments they select. Consider as a first sub-class verbs that select a theme direct object: (14) [+c+m] [+c-m] [-c-m] abweisen ‘reflect/reject’, schmücken ‘decorate’, schonen ‘protect/spare’, umgeben ‘surround’, umhüllen ‘cover’, umrahmen ‘frame’, verraten ‘betray/give away’ The accusative is both affected by an action, and the object of an intention.

Seine Leistung enttäuschte uns. his performance disappointed us We can generalize that alternations of this sort occur whenever a verb selects two [/+c] clusters. Other example verb classes are cause-substance verbs like fill (notice that fill selects [+c] rather than [+c+m], and that German füllen behaves differently): (43) a) Max/ the hose/ the storm filled the pool with water. b) The water filled the pool. (44) fill ([+c], [-c-m], [+c-m]) In line with the generalization that [+c] can be reduced, verbs like fill have unaccusative alternants: (45) The pool filled (with water).

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