International Business

Download Agricultural Trade Policies in the Andean Group: Issues and by Timothy Edward Josling PDF

By Timothy Edward Josling

Bankruptcy on Ecuador bargains a comparability with different Andean Pact nations. It argues that Ecuador is so much short of balance and defense provided by means of local marketplace entry.

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Additional resources for Agricultural Trade Policies in the Andean Group: Issues and Options (World Bank Technical Paper)

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Banana sales, in particular to the markets in Eastern Europe and Russia, have been growing steadily. Coffee exports have been helped by a rise in world prices, and even cocoa exports have been strong. 23 Options and Strategies Ecuador is a country undergoing rapid structural change, brought about by a boom in petroleum exports and accelerated by the rapid shift in economic policies. S. Of all the Andean Pact countries, Ecuador seems most in need of the stability and security of regional market access offered by the Andean Pact, even if current trade flows show no great dependence on intra-GRAN trade.

In addition, a number of Brazilian cattle are said to come into Bolivia as "tourists" in order to benefit from an tax rebate when exported again. 7 The reason given by Bolivia for rejecting the need for price bands is that its landlocked status gives it adequate "natural" protection against low world prices. 7 The price band system is discussed more fully in later sections of this report. Page 6 This decision also reflects a more determined attempt in Bolivia to operate a liberal trade system without administrative intervention.

6 Bolivia has a treaty with Chile on duty free and preferential access to the Pacific ports of Antofagasta, Iquique and Arica. Negotiations are also underway for similar access to the Pacific with Peru. Page 5 was deregulated and private enterprises were encouraged to trade in agricultural goods. Sugar imports continued to be constrained by quantitative restrictions until 1992, when these restrictions too were removed. The domestic marketing of agricultural goods, including milk, poultry, cattle, oilseeds, corn and sugar is still in the hands of parastatals, but the Government is considering their privatization.

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