Epistemology

Download Active Perception in the History of Philosophy: From Plato by José Filipe Silva, Mikko Yrjönsuuri PDF

By José Filipe Silva, Mikko Yrjönsuuri

The objective of the current paintings is to teach the roots of the perception of belief as an lively approach, tracing the background of its improvement from Plato to fashionable philosophy. The individuals inquire into what job is taken to intend in several theories, not easy conventional historic debts of conception that rigidity the passivity of percipients in coming to grasp the exterior global. exact cognizance is paid to the mental and physiological mechanisms of notion, rational and non-rational conception and the position of understanding within the perceptual process.

Perception has usually been conceived as a procedure during which the passive features - equivalent to the reception of sensory stimuli - have been under pressure and the energetic ones ignored. even if, in the course of contemporary a long time study in cognitive technological know-how and philosophy of brain has emphasised the job of the topic within the means of feel notion, frequently associating this task to the notions of realization and intentionality. even though it is well-known that there are historical roots to the view that notion is essentially lively, the historical past continues to be principally unexplored.

The booklet is directed to all these attracted to modern debates within the fields of philosophy of brain and cognitive psychology who want to develop into conversant in the ancient history of lively notion, yet for old reliability the purpose is to make no compromises.

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Extra info for Active Perception in the History of Philosophy: From Plato to Modern Philosophy

Sample text

For another interpretation of the above DA-passage, see below, Fn. 48. 22 This is presumably why Aristotle classifies perception—along with the intellect—as capacities that are “capable of discriminating” ( kritikon, DA 427a17–21; 429b12–18; 432a15–16; MA 700b20; 18 38 K. 2 Perceptual Discrimination I have suggested that perceptual discrimination is what accounts for the transformation of perceptible input into phenomenal content. But what is perceptual discrimination and how does it work?  I will discuss an important suggestion that has been made in the literature.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Brown, D. (2007). Augustine and Descartes on the function of attention in perceptual awareness. In S. Heinämaa, V. Lähteenmäki, & P. ), Consciousness.  153–176). Dordrecht: Springer. Burnyeat, M. (1976). Plato on the grammar of perceiving. The Classical Quarterly NS, 26, 29–51. Burnyeat, M. (1990). The Theaetetus of Plato. Indinapolis: Hackett Publishing Company. Burnyeat, M. (2000). Plato on why mathematics is good for the soul. In T.  1–82). Oxford: Oxford University Press and British Academy.

As an interpretation of Aristotle this seems strange. Aristotle nowhere says anything like this about sense perception. On the contrary, he affirms what the above quote denies, namely that cognitive faculties are defined by classes of correlated cognitive objects (rather than by classes of differences between cognitive objects). Moreover, the idea of cognitive capacities relating not to classes of objects of cognition, but to types of differences between such objects, seems not to sit well with Ebert’s own characterization of discrimination: If a cognitive object is to be an object of cognition at all, it would seem that it should correspond to some kind of awareness.

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