By John C. van Dyke
John Charles van Dyke (1856-1932) was once an American paintings historian and critic. He used to be born at New Brunswick, N. J., studied at Columbia, and for a few years in Europe. along with his booklet chronicling the historical past of portray from cave work to the fashionable period. totally illustrated.
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Extra resources for A Text-Book of the History of Painting (Illustrated Edition)
The early men of the school were hardly great enough to call for mention. During the fourteenth century there was some Giotto influence felt—that painter having been at Padua working in the Arena Chapel. Later on there was a slight influence from Gentile da Fabriano and his fellow-worker Vittore Pisano, of Verona. But these influences seem to have died out and the real direction of the school in the early fifteenth century was given by Francesco Squarcione (1394-1474). He was an enlightened man, a student, a collector and an admirer of ancient sculpture, and though no great painter himself he taught an anatomical statuesque art, based on ancient marbles and nature, to many pupils.
There was some loss of religious power, but religion had much to lose. In the fifteenth century it was still dominant. FIG. —BOTTICELLI. CORONATION OF MADONNA. UFFIZI. KNOWLEDGE OF THE ANTIQUE AND NATURE: The revival of antique learning came about in real earnest during this period. The scholars set themselves the task of restoring the polite learning of ancient Greece, studying coins and marbles, collecting manuscripts, founding libraries and schools of philosophy. The wealthy nobles, Palla Strozzi, the Albizzi, the Medici, and the Dukes of Urbino, encouraged it.
Printing was not known. There were few manuscripts, and the majority of people could not read. Ideas came to them for centuries through form and color, until at last the Italian mind took on a plastic and pictorial character. It saw things in symbolic figures, and when the Renaissance came and art took the lead as one of its strongest expressions, painting was but the color-thought and form-language of the people. And these people, by reason of their peculiar education, were an exacting people, knowing what was good and demanding it from the artists.